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Artificial Intelligence-Enhanced Quantitative Ultrasound for Breast Cancer: Pilot Study on Quantitative Parameters and Biopsy Outcomes

Hyuksool Kwon2,  Seok-Hwan Oh1,  Myeong-Gee Kim1,  Young-Min Kim1,  Guil Jung1,  Hyeonjik Lee1,  Sang-Yun Kim1,  Hyeon-Min Bae1  
  • 1. Department of Electrical Engineering, KAIST, Daejeon, South Korea
  • 2. Department of Emergency Medicine, SNUBH, Seong-nam, South Korea


Traditional B-mode ultrasound has difficulties distinguishing benign from malignant breast lesions. It appears that Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS) may offer advantages. We examined the QUS imaging system’s potential, utilizing parameters like Attenuation Coefficient (AC), Speed of Sound (SoS), Effective Scatterer Diameter (ESD), and Effective Scatterer Concentration (ESC) to enhance diagnostic accuracy. B-mode images and radiofrequency signals were gathered from breast lesions. These parameters were processed and analyzed by a QUS system trained on a simulated acoustic dataset and equipped with an encoder-decoder structure. Fifty-seven patients were enrolled over six months. Biopsies served as the diagnostic ground truth. AC, SoS, and ESD showed significant differences between benign and malignant lesions (p < 0.05), but ESC did not. A logistic regression model was developed, demonstrating an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.90 (95% CI: 0.78, 0.96) for distinguishing between benign and malignant lesions. In conclusion, the QUS system shows promise in enhancing diagnostic accuracy by leveraging AC, SoS, and ESD. Further studies are needed to validate these findings and optimize the system for clinical use. Keywords: breast cancer; quantitative ultrasound; artificial intelligence

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